Flemming Nielsen is an Agricultural Geographer who is focusing on improving the livelihood of smallholders in Africa. In 2004 when he was Technical Adviser on agricultural research to the Government of Mozambique he began exploring the suitability of Jatropha for local energy production in Central Mozambique. In 2005 he met Jan de Jongh and was introduced to the FACT Foundation. From 2006 till 2010 he was managing the research component of the R&D FACT/ADPP Jatropha Project in Northern Mozambique, a project that tested if local energy supply from Jatropha is feasible. Five years after the project terminated farmers continue to grow Jatropha and produce about 12.000 litre oil per year that is consumed by 300 maize mills.
For many years Flemming has been researching agroforestry, carbon sequestration and biochar. He is one of the founders of the Banana hill consulting company and is currently working as System Agronomist for IITA, based in Bukavu, DR Congo.